Many of our friends who have just started in watch repairing may not be very familiar with the necessary watch repair tools and their specific uses. Today, we will introduce you to some frequently used watch maintenance tools, instructions and methods of use, in the hope of helping everyone.1. Eyepiece
Usage: Due to the delicate parts of the watch, each component must be clearly visible through a magnifying glass. It is usually necessary to prepare loupes with different magnifications from 3 to 12. Low magnification is mainly used for disassembly and assembly of parts, and high magnification is used for adjusting the hairspring, checking the balance shaft for misalignment or the presence of very small parts.
Usage: You can directly open the upper and lower eyelids to pinch the magnifying glass, or you can use an iron wire or buy a ready-made wire ring to tighten the magnifying glass and put it on your head. used directly on the mirror.
2. Seat with shoulder straps
Usage: Support seat used to fix the strap for easy disassembly when adjusting the length of the strap.
Usage: Place the thimble of the watch band vertically on the movable pin of the movable section of the watch in the direction of the arrow, tap it with a hammer and the movable pin will come off, adjust it to the appropriate length, and then put it back on the other side in the same way.
3. Bottom Cover Knife
Purpose: open the bottom cover of the watch.
How to use: Hold the watch firmly to avoid slipping, and cut the back bottom cover. Use a knife to remove the bottom cover and push it through the edge hole of the rear bottom cover. There is a shorter knife on the other end. bottom cover knife. Can be used to remove the watch strap.
Note. This is only applicable to the stamped type case back design, and for screw case case back, screw case case back or special case case back, a dedicated watch opener must be used.
4. Start browsing
Usage: There is a rotary knob on the back to adjust the size. After adjusting the watch opener according to the size of the watch, press it and turn it to the left to open the back bottom cover. It is best to use it with the watch holder more convenient.
5. Watch stand
Usage: There are men's and women's watches in different sizes. The wooden material is not easy to damage the case. With the watch opener, you can easily and safely open the back of the watch.
Usage: Put the back of the watch into the holder, adjust the side rotary knob to adjust the size, and then use the watch opener to open the back bottom cover.
6. Wind Ball
Use: to remove dust from parts. Usage: Just hold and press a few times.
Note. After the watch is assembled and oiled, do not blow air on the stone oil hole to avoid blowing oil out of the oil hole.
7. Brush and oil pan
Using a brush: it is used to clean the parts when washing the oil, after use, it can be dried naturally.
The purpose of the Stain Removal Oil Tray is to hold the parts to be washed with oil, add the Stain Removal Oil to the tray, and then clean the parts with a brush.
8. Fiberglass brush
Application: Mainly used to remove rust from thicker parts, similar to the function of a file, and can scrape off rust stains with fiberglass.
Usage: Similar to an automatic pencil, when using, extrude it to the appropriate length, swipe it back and forth over the parts that need to be derusted, and then retract it into the body after use.
Note. Because the glass fiber is very thin, glass shards may pierce your hands if accidentally touch the skin, so it's better to put a black backing on the table before use, so that the falling glass shards can be seen clearly, protect yourself.
9. Take the baby
Application: for clamping small parts such as shafts, wheel centers or cylinders that are easy to clamp. The cylinder is cut into four parts. When clamping parts, the force is uniform and will not damage the parts. Total 4 types at both ends Different specifications.
Usage: The crown can be easily removed by inserting the stem into the rotation lock, and it can be used for various types of cylinders.
10. Plasticine watch repair
Use: To remove dust or excess oil stains from parts and oil stains from quartz watch rotors.
Usage: Use a clip to scoop out a piece of plasticine to cover the tip of the clip, and carefully glue the dirty part.
Purpose: Due to the different sizes of men's and women's watch movements, there are two specification sizes that are used to fix the movement and facilitate disassembly.
Use: Place the outer ring of the mechanism firmly into the groove of the fixed seat and carefully fix it. Do not apply too much force so as not to damage the mechanism board.
12. Leather lining repair
Use: A repair gasket placed under the watch case when the watch is taken apart. It can protect the watch case or glass from scratches, and can also fix the watch case to make it difficult to slide and easy to disassemble. .
Usage: There are 10 packs, 9 packs and bulk packs in various combinations, and a spare blade is included. Just loosen the fixing hole on the screwdriver tochange blade. Each knife has colors on it to distinguish between characteristics, and the numbers on the outer circle of the knife socket represent the diameter of the knife.
Use: when using, it should be perpendicular to the machine board, and the screw size must be compared first, and the appropriate size should be selected so as not to damage the screw cap or scratch the machine board. accidentally slip off your hands.
14. Anti-magnetic tweezers and whetstone
Purpose: To capture parts, to avoid magnetization of parts, it is better to use tweezers with anti-magnetic function, usually 2-3 tweezers are enough for use on the move. No. 3 tweezers or thicker tipped tweezers are usually used for grasping general parts such as gears, tires, screws, gears, etc. No. 5 tweezers or finer tipped tweezers are used for fine details or adjusting the isochronism of the spring, concentric circles and various small jobs.
Usage: Do not apply too much force when using. When clamping parts, do not clamp them flat. It is best to find a suitable place and use a vertical clamp to prevent scratches on the polished surface of the parts due to excessive force. .
Note. If the tweezers are dull or missing corners, be sure to use a whetstone to sharpen them. Never use thin tweezers for thick workpieces or thick tweezers for small workpieces, which can easily damage the workpiece or the tweezers.
15. Needle starter
Usage: to delete a pointer. In order to meet the needs of different watch models, in addition to the universal common pointer needle trigger, there are also special needle pullers with hollow hours and flat hands without pointer sleeve, etc.
Usage: When using, first fix all the pointers on the dial in one direction, and then pull out the pointers vertically with a suitable needle starter.
Note: before pulling out the needle, it is best to use a special starting pad between the pointer and the dial, so as not to crush the dial.
16. Needle clamp
Purpose: A tool used when reinstalling disassembled hands. There are two ends of different sizes. The larger one is used for the hour hand and the smaller one for the minute hand (the second hand is pressed in from a pointed willow branch).
To use: Align the opening of the presser foot with the hour or minute hand sleeve and press it vertically.
Note. This is the most commonly used specification. If it is a pointer with a special specification, a special needle hold-down must be used. There are a complete set of needle presses on the market, which are suitable for a variety of needle presses.
17. Engine oil
From left to right: 8200 watch oil (heavy oil) used in large gears, mainspring oil 8300, which is used for mainsprings, and advanced watch oil 9010/2, which is used for time wheels and escapements. Longitudinal system, general gauge oil 8000, used for general gears.
Purpose: Parts that work for a long time cause wear, so the appropriate oil must be used to increase lubrication and reduce friction. 8200 - watch oil (heavy oil) used for large gears; 8300 - spring oil used for springs; 9010/2 - mechanical gear oil (high quality table oil) used for mechanical gearing and escapement systems; 8000 is a general purpose table oil that is used for normal gears or quartz watch movements.
How to use: Apply an appropriate amount of oil to each part with an oil pen.
Note. Each oil is designed for a different purpose and must be used in accordance with regulations in order to provide maximum watch protection. Don't use all the oil for convenience, which is an invisible watch killer.
18. Oil pen
Usage: A set of 4 sticks of different thickness, which can be distinguished by color.
Application: black is suitable for 8200 used for transmission winding system; blue is suitable for 9010/2 which is used for gems; red is suitable for quartz oil, which is used for quartz gears; yellow is suitable for 8300 which is used for springs.
Note: Each oil has a special special oil pen, do not mix it with other oils when using, otherwise the oil will be easily spoiled.
19. Automatic oil pen
Application: Used to lubricate parts with an oil volume adjusting screw, which can control the oil output.
Usage: Pour the oil you want into the handle, raise the oil pusher up and drip the oil after it is lowered. It is very convenient to use and suitable for light oil i.e. water. oil based.
Note. Due to the very thin tip of the pen, be sure to press it gently when using it.
20. Oil box
Usage: mainly used to install a variety of oils for parts, there are different specifications in one box or a set of 4 boxes, if you add different oils, it is convenient to take them at any time, the middle slot to clean up the used oil The remaining oil leaves stains on the handle to ensure that other different oils will not be mixed in the next use.