Hemudu, a residential area of tribal settlements dating back to the barbarian era of mankind. In a distant era 7,000 years ago, the people of Hemudu created a brilliant and prosperous human civilization in this ordinary village in the east of Zhejiang. Archaeologists have discovered countless "novelties" at the Hemudu site.
Earliest Rice Planting Technique At Hemudu, artificially grown rice was discovered 6,000 years ago, breaking India's record of "the earliest rice was 4,300 years ago." This is an outstanding representative of the prehistoric culture of agriculture in southern China.
This rice husk, rice leaves and wood shavings were mixed together and were found in the upper part of the fourth cultural layer of the Hemudu site. As a result of the study of these sites, archaeologists found that the people of Hemudu were no longer satisfied with a convenient source of food. Perhaps the manual work of harvesting wild fruits also made them feel dull and boring, so they tirelessly engaged in "research" and "invention", observing the growth law of wild rice day by day and domesticating wild rice. artificially grown rice with a complete planting system, and mastered mankind's earliest rice planting technology.
In the absence of metal tools, the level of agricultural development of the Hemudu people is much higher than we thought.
The earliest artificially planted Hemudu tea tree site has a total area of 50,000 square meters. In Tianluoshan Ancient Village, about 8 kilometers from Hemudu Village, camellia trees discovered 6,000 years ago belong to the Hemudu culture. tea trees."
The earliest mortise and tenon building is in the Hemudu Museum. It has hundreds of square meters of open-air grass surrounded by a circular wooden boardwalk. In some places "rotten trees" were erected in the grass. Take a closer look at the wood, traces of processing are still visible on the surface.
Archaeologists have discovered that the Hemudu people made 'cleaners' from the stones and then sawed the wood into piles, beams and planks one by one, carved the tenons and joints of the tenons and built them in rows. Neat houses. This is a great achievement in the history of human development: these mortise and tenon joints, which can be used to firmly connect boards and stakes, appeared more than 2000 years before the Bronze Age.
Before that, people always thought of "primitive people building houses" as "tree houses".
I saw the "Hemudu House" restored by archaeologists using excavated wooden parts at the Hemudu Site Museum. Although it is low and simple, it is only covered with straw mats and thatch, but it is skilfully adapted to local conditions. They are moisture and insect proof and are enough to keep out the wind and rain in this water country.
Architecture experts define the Hemudu people's stilt houses as "stilt buildings" and call them "architectural marvels". They represent the ancient people's transition from "arboreal" to terrestrial habitats, and are also an important source of the core technologies of traditional Chinese wooden architecture. I feel they are a bit like a "shortened version" of ethnic minority stilt houses in the Southwest, and also a bit like the houses in Southeast Asia. saw similar buildings by the Vang Vieng river.
Earliest Dye The Hemudu people mixed the clear slime that forms on lacquer wood with mineral powder to make a colored dye and applied it to the surface of the utensils. An important "sail" among practical household appliances.
Earliest water wells At the Hemudu site, several fence circles 1 meter square and 1.5 meters deep have been discovered and identified by experts as the earliest human-made water wells.
The oldest tool for growing bones: the bone plow. The bone and stone tools used by the Hemudu people are the forerunners of modern agricultural machinery and agricultural implements such as shovels, hoes and rakes that we see every day.
Although they lived in a primitive society, the tools of production and household utensils made by the Hemudu people are not only not backward in the eyes of modern people, but also some kind of "cute", each product looks like a work of art.
The familiar "popular face" and a little "Zhejiang style humor" on the utensils came from Yuyao 7,000 years ago. Today's museum is very different from before, not old, not boring and even a little grassy and beautiful.